Information technology is the term used to describe the creation, manipulation and storage of data using computers and other related equipment. Information technology in general can be applied to almost all fields involving intellectual property but nowadays this term is specifically used for computer related data handling. It can be used for all types of data providing services like coding, editing, website creation, website maintenance, application development, database maintenance, data handling, data storage etc. Click here to read detailed description of IT.
Information technology has emerged as the largest source of employment for individuals and many companies like Microsoft, Google, Facebook, Accenture, HCL, and HP have become major source of employment. This field of employment is particularly important to the youth and there has been a total shift of jobs into this sector. Even the governments of all major developing countries have realized the importance of this sector and have developed ministries specifically to develop and cater the growth of this sector.
What are the various fields in Information Technology?
IT is a very vast field and as stated above it spans across various fields. Some of the major fields of IT have been listed here.
Data Storage: Data storage has evolved from floppy disks which only offered 1.44 MB to Blu-ray discs which offer up to 80 Gb of storage. Same type of development has occurred in the RAM and ROM of computers. Nowadays the Data has also increased in size and type and all this is attributed top the growth of IT. Go online to discover more about Data Storage.
Database: A database is basically a set of data that can be accessed by many people at the same time without compromising its Integrity. DBMS is a vast field and Database is a large part of IT services.
Data Manipulation: It is basically the manipulation of data that is stored on worldwide level without compromising security. It involves the application of concepts like Data mining, queries and DWT technologies.
Data Retrieval: The data once stored has to be effectively presented to the users this is called Data retrieval. It involves SQL, RDBMS and query concepts.